Olympic, Titanic & Britannic: An Issue of Finance (January 2021) (External Link)
It's widely believed that construction of the three 'Olympic' class ships was made possible by the use of American money - resources from either J. P. Morgan or IMM. The truth is the opposite. White Star was not supported by IMM's resources. IMM was supported by White Star. Construction was financed through capital raised in the United Kingdom. This article explains in detail how:
- White Star financed the ‘Olympic’ class ships and others by borrowing the money from largely United Kingdom-based investors, mortgaging its own fleet;
- White Star borrowed the money, rather than IMM, to take advantage of its stronger financial position and lower borrowing costs;
- The new ships provided additional security underlying IMM’s own debt, without increasing the money IMM itself borrowed;
- Dividends paid by White Star from 1908 to 1912 helped IMM meet its debt interest payments.
It was first published in the Titanic International Society’s Voyage July 2020: Pages 135-39.
Olympic & Titanic: Refining A Design (April 2020)
An article discussing several minor refinements to Titanic's design based on experience with Olympic (similar changes were then incorporated into Olympic and Britannic). It is a greatly expanded version of an article originally made available on the Titanic Research & Modelling Association (TRMA) website in 2005, which published information about these changes for the first time. This expanded article appeared in the British Titanic Society journal Atlantic Daily Bulletin in December 2019.
Olympic: A Floating French Hotel (May 2018)
It discusses in detail some of the various schemes to purchase her and, in particular, one consortium's plan to acquire her and use her as a floating hotel in the south of France.
Titanic: Allegations & Evidence (August 2016)
This article discusses a number of questionable claims made about Titanic in recent years, including unsubstantiated claims of deliberately flawed construction It was published originally in the Titanic International Society journal Voyage in December 2015.
Target Olympic: Feuer! (July 2013)
Olympic was subject to a failed torpedo attack in the final months of the war. This article, first published in the Titanic Historical Society’s Commutator journal in 2008, examines the evidence surrounding what happened and suggests the identity of the U-boat that launched the attack, and the date it took place.
General Arrangement ‘Design “D”’ Concept for Yard Nos. 400 and 401 (Olympic and Titanic) July 1908 (January 2012)
The original ‘Design “D”’ concept, presented by Harland & Wolff to a party of directors from the White Star Line on July 29th 1908, is displayed today at the Ulster Folk & Transport Museum (National Museums Northern Ireland). It has also been published in Michael McCaughan's wonderful The Birth of the Titanic (Blackstaff Press, 1998). Lionel Codus has drawn these plans to reflect the original concept.
Olympic: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) (August 2008)
This article examines several questions relating to Olympic, including her speed and changes made to her in later years.
Olympic’s Expansion Joints (January 2008)
First published in the Titanic Historical Society’s Titanic Commutator in September 2007, this article takes a short look at Olympic’s expansion joints and the progressive philosophy of continuous improvement that Harland & Wolff practised. It argues that changes made to Britannic’s expansion joints were probably the usual lessons learned from her older sister, and not a conspiracy to cover up any defect supposedly brought to light by Titanic’s loss.
The 66,000 ton Myth (December 2007)
In an article first published by the Irish Titanic Historical Society’s White Star Journal, the myth that Titanic displaced 66,000 tons is addressed and refuted. Although the figure is often repeated, it has no basis in reality. The article does not address a new discovery - rather it brings together information that was previously known.
RMS Olympic Specification File (November 2007)
When she entered service, Olympic was by far the largest liner in the world; almost one hundred feet longer than Mauretania and with a gross tonnage almost fifty percent higher. Her specifications are interesting to record.
‘To The Editor…’ (July 2007)
A listing of letters that have been published in various maritime journals. This page will be updated as additional letters are written and published.
Olympic and Titanic: Maiden Voyage Mysteries (April 2007) (External Link)
An article co-authored by Mark Chirnside and Sam Halpern explores some of the navigational aspects of the maiden voyage of Olympic and her ill-fated sister. In 2006, it was discovered that there was an error in the time calculation on Olympic’s maiden voyage log card, which meant that Olympic’s average speed was understated and that the new liner performed better than anyone realised at the time.
RMS Olympic & The Poderjay Case (November 2006)
In December 1933, Olympic left New York with a suspected murderer onboard.
RMS Olympic: The Mis-dated Refit (August 2006)
An article helps to pinpoint the dates of specific changes to Olympic in the late 1920s, including the installation of new first class suites forward on B-deck.
Olympic & Titanic An Analysis Of The Robin Gardiner Conspiracy Theory (July 2006)
This is the most extensive critical analysis available online, prepared to academic standards and endorsed accordingly. It concludes that the conspiracy theory does not stand up to scrutiny, and is unsupported by reliable evidence.
RMS Olympic’s Retirement (July 2006)
An extensive examination of the reasons for Olympic’s retirement, and why it took place in 1935.
Thomas Andrews’ Olympic Notes, Summer 1911 (July 2005)
Although not widely available, Thomas Andrews’ notes from Olympic’s maiden voyage to
provide a fascinating insight into his philosophy of continuous improvement. It seems that no detail or improvement was too small to warrant his attention.